1859:Edwin Drake drilled the first successful U.S. oil well near Titusville, Pa.
1883:A massive volcanic eruption on the island of Krakatoa blew up most of the island and resulted in tsunamis that killed over 36,000 people.
1945:U.S. troops began landing in Japan after Japan's surrender in World War II.
1962:The U.S. launched the Mariner II space probe.
2003:Mars made its closest approach to earth in 60,000 years.