1945:Hastening the end of World War II, the American bomber Enola Gay drops a uranium-based weapon nicknamed Little Boy over Hiroshima, Japan, in the first use of the atomic bomb in warfare. The bomb instantly kills more than 70,000 people; tens of thousands of others would perish from burns and the effects of radiation. Exactly 50 years later, the city's mayor, Takashi Hiraoka, would speak out against the horrors of nuclear weapons at a Peace Memorial Ceremony. Hiraoka would tell the gathered crowd that "nuclear weapons offer no security to the nations that possess them."
1996: Answering David Bowie's poetic question "Is there life on Mars?", NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin announces that primitive, fossilized, 3.6-billion-year-old organisms may have been discovered on a meteorite in Antarctica that had apparently come to Earth from the red planet some 13,000 years ago.
1996: George R.R. Martin's A Game of Thrones is published by Bantam Books; it is the first novel in the epic fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire, about the feuding families of Westeros. The series would be adapted into a popular HBO television series in 2011.
1825:Bolivia declares independence from Spain
1819:Norwich University founded
1956:Shortly after declaring bankruptcy, the Dumont Television Network has its final broadcast.