1992:Ray Charles performs "America the Beautiful" at the opening ceremonies of the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minn. The Mall of America has the most retail space of any shopping mall in the country and attracts more than 40 million visitors a year.
1909: T.D. Haubner, wireless operator on the S.S. Arapahoe, uses the distress call SOS for the first time in U.S. maritime history, signaling for help after the ship's propeller shaft breaks off the coast of Cape Hatteras, N.C.
1965: A police-administered sobriety test for African American motorist Marquette Frye sparks six days of violent rioting in the predominantly black Watts neighborhood of south Los Angeles. The Watts Riots result in the deaths of 34 people, more than a thousand injuries and damage to at least 600 buildings.
1960:Chad: independence from France
1934:The first "most" dangerous prisoners arrive at the Federal Prison on Alcatraz Island
1968:Apple Records is launched by the Beatles.
1929:Babe Ruth hits his 500th home run, becoming the first person in history to achieve that feat.
1898:Spanish-American War: American troops enter the coastal city of Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.