Wednesday, August 01, 2012



 1907:Lt. Gen. Robert Baden-Powell hosts the first Boy Scout camp, at Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, off of England's southern coast. For one week, boys of all social classes participate in outdoor, character-building activities. The Brownsea Island Scout camp successfully tests Baden-Powell's ideas about camping, citizenship, patriotism and lifesaving, as described in his handbook Scouting for Boys.

1936: Adolf Hitler opens the Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, at which the Nazi leader hopes to demonstrate the superiority of the "Aryan Race." Hitler ensures that only so-called Aryan athletes may compete for Germany. Despite his efforts, the games would be notable for the success of athletes such as African American track-and-field star Jesse Owens, who would win four gold medals.

1973: The film American Graffiti — directed and cowritten by George Lucas and reveling in nostalgia (California teenagers in the early 1960s) — premieres in Los Angeles. The cast includes budding stars Ron Howard, Richard Dreyfuss and Harrison Ford.

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